Not A Second Time (Beatles)

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This song inspired a musical analysis from William Mann of The Times, citing the ” Aeolian cadence” (Aeolian harmony) of Lennon’s vocals as the song draws to a close, and noting that the same chord progression appears at the end of the final movement of Mahler’s “Das Lied von der Erde.” Lennon, years later, remarked: “To this day, I have no idea what [Aeolian cadences] are. They sound like exotic birds.” The actual meaning of the term “Aeolian cadence” is when a major key song resolves on the vi chord, which is the tonic chord of the relative minor key. The term derives from the fact that the Aeolian mode is rooted on the sixth step of the major scale.

Dominic Pedler considers the ‘Aeolian cadence” moment to occur at the end of this line: (Am) “You hurt me then. You’re back again. No/(Bm) no no/(D7) not a second time”/(Em). Pedler writes: “We are expecting the D7 chord, the dominant in the key of G, to return to the G major tonic”. However, in replacing it with an Em chord supporting an isolated E note on “time”, we have an interrupted cadence or dominant-to-relative sub-minor (V7 to vi) shift. The major key of the song is G, but it appears to resolve on the Em (vi) chord. As Allan Moore puts it, “Mann would argue that it is not the same thing as a ‘V-vi’ Interrupted or Deceptive cadence because _ at that precise point in the song _ the role of the E minor as a ‘vi’ is being questioned and is veering towards tonic status.” ;Pedler notes that another interesting moment in the song is that George Martin’s piano part alternates not between G and E minor, but G and E major, the presence of the piano’s extra G# (the major 3rd of the E chord) creating a “grating, tense colouring” in comparison to a G natural of the guitar’s Em chord.

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Brick-and-mortar stores were once these people only solution for satisfying your rock keyboard music needs. Printable sheet music is now way more common than having to purchase books and waiting for them to be delivered or perhaps getting yourself to a shop. Or, you might have obtained the music from a friend, and then asked your kind neighbour to photocopy it – what a hassle.

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